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Acne is a common skin condition characterized by lesions accompanied by excessive sebum production, black or white spots, and inflammatory lesions on the face, back, or chest. Nowadays it is the main reason people visit the dermatologist. Before we continue exploring the different types of acne and the possible treatments available have a little break and visit the casino online and have some fun! When you are ready, we can start with the different types of acne. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, we can distinguish 4 types and stages:

Seborrhea: is the initial stage of any form of acne. Excess sebum is produced, the skin shines and small pimples appear.

Pharyngeal acne: sebum accumulates in the sebaceous pockets and causes the formation of open black spots or small cysts.

Inflammatory acne: Here we have bacterial growth (propionibacterium acnes) and rupture of the follicle inside the skin. Inflammation and red pimples appear, followed by pus (blisters).

Nodular cystic acne: There is dilation and inflammation of the sebaceous glands and the formation of nodules that carry pus.

At what ages does it appear?

Acne can affect people of all ages, but is most common in pre-adolescence and adolescence, as evidenced by its close association with hormonal changes at those ages. Transient acne due to androgens of maternal origin may occur in infants. Acne is more common in women of childbearing age, between the ages of 25 and 35, which is either a continuation of adolescent acne or is making its first appearance in adulthood.

What factors affect it?

Various factors contribute to the appearance of acne lesions.

Usually, acne is caused by hormonal disorders (adolescence, premenstrual syndrome, pregnancy, etc.), but also by taking hormonal preparations or other medications.

Stress and fatigue, in the sense of a drop in the body’s defenses, can also lead to sebum overproduction and bacterial growth. When sebum cannot flow normally, the pores of the skin become clogged. That is when blackheads and pimples appear.

Misuse of cosmetics, such as especially greasy products or oily products and masks, can cause acne. Using clean makeup tools such as sponges, brushes, etc. is extremely important.

Finally, we must not forget the genetic factors that can contribute to the manifestation of acne symptoms.

Treatment

To eliminate acne on the skin, the skin needs to be gently cared for. The choice of products should be careful and suitable for oily and acne-prone skin.

Following basic hygiene rules is considered necessary:

Good skin cleansing, with gentle products designed for oily skin with a tendency to acne.

Daily use of a special care product (sebum regulation and facial hydration), which is really the key to success.

Application of non-itchy makeup, with the help of a specialist.

Protect the skin from the sun. The sun is not a friend of acne and can and will make matters only worse!

Avoid touching and breaking pimples! Keep your hands off your face!

Acne is not a disease that requires treatment due to the deterioration of health, but the emotional burden of a teenager from a skin disease that is visible can stigmatize him mentally. That is why the advice of a dermatologist is necessary to treat the condition. At this point, the treatment is individualized depending on the type of acne of the patient but also based on the psychological impact of each individual, as well as their lifestyle and habits.

Topical treatments are mainly used in cases of inflammatory acne, moderate or mild, and include:

Topical antibiotics (erythromycin and clindamycin)

Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory substances such as benzene peroxide and azelaic acid.

Topical retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) have a strong keratolytic effect.

The above can be given in combination with each other and as an adjunct to the appropriate cosmetic products.

When topical treatments alone are not enough, such as in cases of severe inflammatory acne, oral administration, mainly antibiotics, and isotretinoin, is chosen. Isotretinoin is the most powerful anti-acne drug that permanently stops blemishes in most cases. Its side effects, such as severe dryness of the skin and photosensitivity, do not always make it the drug of choice.

Administration of biomimetic hormones can provide a solution to hormone-dependent acne without side effects.

Finally, laser application is increasingly chosen in recent years, thus avoiding the side effects of drugs.

Acne and lifestyle

One of the main reasons that acne is so difficult to treat is smoking. Smoking alone has not been shown to cause acne, but it does worsen skin regeneration resulting in acne healing more slowly.

In addition, the body responds to stress by producing cortisol, which in turn can cause inflammation and dilation of the skin’s pores.

Although the cause has not yet been determined, acne can be aggravated by excessive consumption of dairy products and high glycemic index foods.

On the other hand, the consumption of fatty fish rich in omega 3, helps to fight inflammation throughout the body, including the skin. We must not forget that a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, provides our skin with the necessary nutrients to deal with imperfections. In every case before taking any further steps consult a dermatologist first and they will be able to give you the right advice and treatment adjusted on your skin needs and issues.