Recently, the cold winters and the hot and humid summers have become extreme. When the weather is sweltering hot, you’d want to stay cool in the house and sleep comfortably at night. These requirements will start the process of selecting the right air conditioning system. The home air conditioning systems have changed considerably, becoming more energy efficient. A good understanding of the current AC options will help you save money in the years to come.

You might be wondering; where do I start? Choosing the right air conditioning system, especially if you are a new homeowner, will be a daunting task. This guide is designed to assist in navigating through this complicated process and provide vital information to assist in the selection of the right AC for your new home.

Although the guide might be informational, a qualified HVAC expert will provide a more in-depth explanation of the solution offered. The HVAC expert will access your needs and determine the ideal size of the air conditioning system for your home and climate.

Components of an HVAC

The air conditioner is a component of the HVAC systems. Are you aware of any of the elements of this system? Fear not if you are not aware of any component of the HVAC system. This guide will explain the main components of the air conditioning system.

The Furnace

According to the furnace air conditioning company, The furnace is the largest component that takes up the majority of space in the HVAC system. The furnace is mostly installed in the basement, and it is an essential component. The furnace moves air through the air ducts from the heat exchanger.

Heat pump

This is the device that takes air from the inside of the house to the outside during the hot months. During the cold months, it takes air from the outside to the inside.

The heat exchanger

This is not part of the furnace, even though it is located inside the furnace. The heat exchanger has its capabilities. It adds heat to the air coming from the combustion chamber.


These are the air ducts that are used to move air throughout your home. Some sections of the ductwork form provide for air inlet into the HVAC system. The ductwork distributes the air into the different sections and rooms of the house.

Evaporator coil

This component is also located in the furnace but has a different function. It contains the refrigerant, which is a coolant within its coils. The coil absorbs heat from the air passing above it. The cold air will then be blown via the air ducts into your home.

The condensing unit

This component functions in a similar manner as the evaporator coil, but it is found in an outdoor HVAC unit. The condensing unit is found in the cube-shaped unit and functions to exchange heat with the air passing over it. The condensing unit produces heat.

Refrigerant tubes

These are metal tubes that are connected to the evaporator coil and the condensing coil. The refrigerant tubes link the outdoor and indoor HVAC units. These tubes contain the cooling refrigerants that have varying temperatures.


This may be the part that you are most familiar with. It is a small appliance located on the wall at the main level of your home. This gadget is used to turn on the air conditioning and set the heating system to the desired temperature. The smart thermostat can set the home temperature even in your absence.


The vents are points through which the air traveling through the ductwork enters the rooms. The vents are rectangular covers on the ceiling and floor to direct air intake.

Air Conditioning

The air conditioner takes the heat from one area to another in the house. The evaporator and condenser units extract heat from room air via the refrigeration technology. The handler fun draws in warm or cold air into the house through the ductwork. As the air is drawn through over the evaporator coil, then the heat is removed for it, and it cools down. The heat is absorbed by the refrigerant that runs through the coil. The refrigerant is pumped to the condenser, which expels the heat into the outside air.

Types of Air Conditioning

There are many great options for air conditioners that you can select for your needs. Choosing the right air conditioner depends on the family’s needs, living space and budget. The most common residential air conditioners include:

Central air conditioner

This air conditioner circulates the cold air via the system of supply and the return ducts. This system can serve you for between 15 and 20 years. It uses the same ductwork as the heating system.


This is among the popular cooling system. The window air conditioner is installed in your window and does not require ductwork. The window cooling system is energy efficient to allow you to cool your home for a period between 10 and 15 years.

Mini Split system

This air conditioner can be installed in a new home or retrofitted into an old house. It is a perfect solution for homeowners with a boiler system. This air conditioning system provides zoned cooling without the need for ductwork. The mini-split system has a life span of 12 to 15 years.

Air Conditioning Maintenance

The air conditioning system should be maintained regularly. You should perform regular check-ups at least twice a year. This maintenance will ensure that the air conditioning units are ready for heavy use in the summer and winter.


I hope you enjoyed the guide on air conditioning. It is now your turn to select the right air conditioner based on your take. Before choosing the air conditioning, it is better to read past customer reviews on the technicians and equipment.