Pancreatic cancer is a malignancy that originates from tissue or ducts of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer ranks fourth in the number of deaths from malignant tumors in men (after lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer). In women, pancreatic cancer ranks third in terms of mortality, being inferior only to breast and lung cancer.
Life expectancy after diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often less than five years. Survival rates have not changed over the past 20 years. Surgical cancer treatment is only possible in 15-20% of cases, with a 5-year survival rate after surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer of about 20%.
Symptoms of pancreatic cancer
The main symptoms of pancreatic cancer are pain syndrome and jaundice. Almost every patient with pancreatic cancer experiences them. Jaundice is usually accompanied by light feces, dark urine, and itching. Pain syndrome is the most obvious sign. Pain can be localized both in the back and upper abdomen.
The third symptom of pancreatic cancer is severe weight loss with a normal appetite. It’s most likely due to steatorrhea. Feces contain large amounts of fatty acids and neutral fat because the secretory function of the pancreas is impaired. Vomiting, nausea, and lack of appetite are observed in almost half of the cases. This is explained by the fact that a tumor affects the functioning of the stomach and duodenum by squeezing them.
Like any disease, pancreatic cancer has factors that increase the chances of its development in a healthy person, among them:
- In 30% of cases, the development of pancreatic carcinoma is associated with smoking. It has been demonstrated that smoking doubles the risk of developing carcinoma.
- Alcohol consumption, lack of fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet are also significant risk factors (20% of all cases).
- Diabetes mellitus doubles the chances of developing pancreatic cancer.
- Heredity is 5-10% of all cases.
- Chronic pancreatitis leads to pancreatic cancer development only in 5% of cases.
If you suspect or have been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, you can easily undergo pancreatic cancer treatment in Turkey. Currently, there are a lot of clinics in Turkey that successfully perform the treatment of pancreatic cancer. In order to find a suitable clinic for cancer treatment in Turkey, you just need to contact Booking Health. For many years the company has been successfully providing services to patients who want to undergo treatment in Turkey and other countries.
Ultrasound examination is the easiest way to detect the presence of a tumor, assess its size and localization in the organ.
Transesophageal ultrasound examination. A flexible endoscope equipped with an ultrasound sensor is inserted through the mouth into the esophagus cavity. This method is more informative than the classical ultrasound for assessing the condition of the upper parts of the digestive tract (stomach, pancreas, duodenum, etc.).
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In contrast to the transesophageal ultrasound, this method has the advantage of extended diagnostics. During the examination of the duodenum, X-ray-contrast substance is injected into the common bile and main pancreatic ducts. A doctor uses an image that is transmitted to the monitor to determine the total patency, state of the bile ducts, narrowed areas, obstruction.
Diagnostic laparoscopy. An endoscope equipped with an optical device is placed directly into the abdominal cavity. This imaging method allows determining the size of the tumor mass, its localization, and the spreading of a malignant process.
Oncomarkers. Increased level of CA19-9 and CEA in the blood is also one of the diagnostic criteria for the development of the malignant processes in the body. In order to clarify the volume and localization of the tumor, as well as to detect metastatic lesions CT, MRI, and PET-CT are performed.
Contemporary methods of treatment
Surgical treatment. Depending on the localization of the tumor the type of operation is determined. It can be either removal of a part of the pancreas or its complete removal.
Radiation therapy. The method uses low doses of ionizing radiation directed at the tumor with the help of modern medical equipment. Cyberknife is a method of radiation therapy, in some cases, it serves as the alternative to surgical treatment. The main advantage of this method is the highest possible accuracy. It has minimal side effects in comparison with conventional radiation therapy or surgical treatment.
Chemotherapy is aimed at destroying or slowing down the growth of cancer cells by introducing special drugs – cytostatics.
Chemoembolization. The essence of this method is the accurate delivery of chemotherapy drugs in a malignant tumor, with a minimum negative impact on nearby healthy tissues. You can undergo pancreatic cancer treatment in Turkey easily by using the services of Booking Health.