Vision is one of our most valuable assets. Therefore, we must maintain the health of our eyes. In this article, we will be discussing some major eye problems that are commonly reported in people of all ages. Keep on reading to find more about the topic.

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Note: If you feel any of the below-mentioned eye problems apply to you, visit an ophthalmologist right away before your condition worsens.

Cataracts

It is a condition where there is a milky, cloudy white appearance in the eye. This condition is mostly age-related; therefore, people who are above fifty are at greater risk of developing this condition. Cataracts can be due to an injury, protein deterioration with time, or prolonged exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays. Any of these reasons can lead to the development of the cloudy lens. If you do not get this treated, it can ultimately affect your vision and lead to complete loss of vision.

How can you treat it?

Luckily, cataracts are a typical eye issue that can be treated through a medical procedure. Regardless of whether a medical procedure is required relies upon the level of vision loss and whether it dictates your personal satisfaction and capacity to work.

Keratoconus

Usually, the cornea (the transparent exterior lens of the eye) has the form of a dome, like a ball. However, the collagen holding the cornea in place gets weaker, causing the cornea to form a cone-shape. This is considered keratoconus. This can cause severe vision problems if not treated early and rapidly. Untreated, many patients will require a corneal transplant.

How can you treat it?

Treatment typically continues with eyeglasses. You can find an extraordinary collection of eyeglasses at GlassesShop.com. Contact lenses, normally solid-gas permeable lenses, are recommended to strengthen the cornea and aid your vision. Cornea collagen crosslinking proved to be effective in avoiding development and Intacs (implants placed under the cornea’s surface to reduce the risk of cone shape formation and improve vision). The final recourse is a corneal transplant.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs due to prolonged elevated blood sugar linked with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and can cause blindness if not treated. Higher sugar levels will change the blood vessels in the eyes’ back, stopping the retina from obtaining the correct amount of nutrients required to retain vision. Anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes is at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. However, the sort of diabetes a person has, how much their blood glucose fluctuates, how efficiently they control their blood sugar levels, and how long they have had diabetes, all of these can influence her/his risk.

How can you treat it?

Mostly, laser surgery can help to prevent severe vision loss that is associated with diabetic retinopathy. A medical procedure known as laser photocoagulation can break or seal expanding or leaking blood vessels in the retina.

Macular Degeneration

This leading cause of blindness is marked by damage to the macula, the region of the eye that is sensitive to light. Risk factors include age, female gender, smoking, and family history. There is, sadly, no proven treatment for macular degeneration. However, current therapies can delay the progression of the disease.

How can you treat it?

If we talk about macular degeneration that occurs because of age, there are certain treatments that can prevent this from happening or slow down the growth of macular degeneration to some extend. Treatments that you can consider are:

Anti-Angiogenic Drugs

These are injected into the eyes, and these prevent new blood vessels from growing. Also, it helps to prevent leakage from the affected vessel within your eye.

Laser Therapy

The growth of abnormal blood vessels can be prevented through high energy laser light.

Photodynamic Laser Therapy

Photodynamic Laser Therapy is a treatment based on two steps that use a light-sensitive drug to damage abnormal blood vessels. A medicine is injected into the body to absorb irregular blood flow in the eye. A cold laser is then shone into the eye to for activating the drug, causing disruption to abnormal blood vessels.

Vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, copper, and zinc can minimize the risk of vision loss in most people with intermediate to advanced dry age-related macular degeneration.

The sooner an eye problem is detected, the more efficiently it can be treated. If you think you can’t see as clearly as you should, get your eyes checked as soon as you can to rule out the presence of an underlying eye problem.